Race Doesn’t Impact COVID Survival Rate in Hospital
THURSDAY October 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) – Revealing good news for minorities, a new study has found similar survival rates for Hispanic, black and white COVID-19 patients in a New York City hospital system.
“It is well documented that communities of color have borne the heaviest burden of COVID-19 in the United States, and many explanations have been offered as to why this is the case,” said Dr Andrew Racine. He is Senior Vice President of the System and Chief Medical Officer of Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx.
“We found, somewhat surprisingly, that black and Hispanic patients, when hospitalized, had similar or slightly better survival outcomes compared to white patients,” Racine said in a press release from Montefiore. .
The study included more than 5,900 patients with COVID-19 admitted to the medical center.
As seen across the country, blacks and Hispanics were more likely to be hospitalized for COVID-19 than whites, according to the results. And black and Hispanic people in hospital were more likely to have two or more pre-existing conditions (38% and 43%, respectively) than white people (34%).
However, survival rates of black and Hispanic patients were at least as good as those of white patients after researchers controlled for age, gender, income levels and pre-existing conditions, according to the study. The results were published online September 25 at JAMA network open.
Similar results have been reported in other large healthcare systems in Louisiana and the Midwest.
Across all racial / ethnic groups, high death rates were mostly associated with advanced age and multiple chronic conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease, which are common in black and Hispanic patients seen in Montefiore, the study authors noted.
The results suggest that “accessing the services available in comprehensive health care settings can reduce, if not eliminate, racial / ethnic differences in COVID-19 death rates,” the researchers reported.
Dr Rafi Kabarriti is an attending physician in Montefiore. He said: “The fact that racial disparities can be alleviated or eliminated when people with COVID-19 walk into a hospital is a clear reminder that we need to focus more on what is going on outside of our hospitals. This includes better access to primary care, and education on the prevention and effective management of chronic diseases, including obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease. [kidney] disease and dementia. ”
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