Researchers and experts have explained that choosing vegetable protein over animal protein could help prolong your life for many reasons.
Meat protein tends to contain higher levels of saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium and other nutrients that are not very healthy, said Connie Diekman, food and nutrition consultant at St. Louis and former president of the Academy of Nutrition. and dietetics.
“For example, an ounce of red meat mixed with pasta and whole wheat vegetables would provide far less saturated fat than a 9-ounce steak,” said Diekman.
Vegetable proteins, on the other hand, contain a lot of fiber, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals, said Kayla Jaeckel, dietitian and head of diabetes care at Mount Sinai Health System in New York.
The researchers also added that there could be something specific in the amino acids formed from the breakdown of animal proteins that could harden the arteries or cause inflammation. Animal protein could also affect the health of people’s gut bacteria.
One of the weaknesses of the study was that it relied on people’s memories because they were asked to remember what they had eaten and complete a questionnaire, said Diekman.
“This gives an overview of food intake, but does not show patterns, and patterns are essential,” said Diekman. “The combination of an egg with brown rice and vegetables provides a very different nutritional intake than that of eggs, bacon, cookies and sauce.”
These results also go against other recent studies that have shown that eggs are healthier than people have believed for decades, said Jaeckel.
“I think eggs can be part of a healthy and balanced diet. I don’t want eggs to be painted in a negative light, because I have the impression that there have always been reversals”, a added Jaeckel.
Diekman said: “My take on the study, and what I would say to clients, is that the evidence continues to grow to support the importance of consuming more plant foods and less plant foods. animal origin, while increasing the consumption of vegetables, whole grains and fruits. We can enjoy our favorite dish of eggs or meat, but probably not every day, and preferably in balance with lots of plant foods. “
The report was published online July 13 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
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SOURCES: Jiaqi Huang, PhD, postdoctoral fellow, US National Cancer Institute; Demetrius Albanes, MD, principal investigator, US National Cancer Institute; Connie Diekman, MEd, RD, food and nutrition consultant, St. Louis; Kayla Jaeckel, MPH, RD, dietitian and head of diabetes care, Mount Sinai Health System, New York;JAMA Internal Medicine, July 13, 2020, online
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