Music Could Be a Post-Op Panacea, Study Finds

FRIDAY, Jan. 29, 2021 (HealthDay News) – Heart surgery can be stressful, but researchers may have found a way to reduce patients’ anxiety and postoperative pain – without any additional side effects.

A team from the Netherlands found that just listening to music at the time of surgery can help patients recover.

“This is a fascinating question for cardiac surgeons as we perform the most invasive procedures that involve opening the chest, stopping the heart, using a heart-lung machine while we repair the heart, and then allow the patient to come back to life. said Dr Harold Fernandez, a U.S. heart surgeon unrelated to the new study.

“Without a doubt, there is a significant amount of anxiety and pain associated with these procedures,” said Fernandez, chief of cardiovascular and thoracic surgery at Sandra Atlas Bass Heart Hospital at Northwell Health in Manhasset, NY.

In the new research, published Jan. 25 in the online journal Open heart, the Dutch team analyzed data from 16 studies examining the effect of music on postoperative care. The studies involved almost 1,000 patients and about 90% of the procedures involved heart bypass surgery and / or prosthetic heart valves.

Most of the time, the type of music used was relaxing and didn’t have loud rhythms or percussion, the researchers noted. The choice of music varied; sometimes it was from patients’ own reading lists, but other times it was from playlists that were pre-selected or chosen by their doctor.

Instead of music, the study comparison groups were given a mixture of other options, such as scheduled rest, breathing exercises, or headphones without music.

The researchers then used validated scales and scoring systems to measure patients’ anxiety and pain.

The analysis showed that listening to music appeared to significantly reduce the anxiety and pain of patients after major heart surgery. Several days of listening to music also reduced anxiety for up to eight days after surgery, according to the study.

The researchers pointed out that although music therapy appeared to help relieve discomfort, it did not have a significant impact on patients’ use of opioid analgesics, length of hospital stay, time. spent on mechanical ventilation, blood pressure, heart rate or breathing. rate.

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