Malaysia COVID-19 Vaccination Step-By-Step Process On What Happens
The COVID-19 vaccination is voluntary and will be free to all citizens and non-citizens living in Malaysia.
By February 2022, the Department of Health aims to complete vaccinations for at least 80% of Malaysia’s adult population. As of March 4, 2021, more than 99,000 vaccinations in Malaysia took place.
For those still waiting, here is what you can expect from the procedures involved in COVID-19 vaccination, from registration to post-inoculation observation.
What is my place in the immunization schedule?
Phase 1 will run from February to April 2021, made up of 500,000 frontline players:
- Priority group 1: Frontliners comprising public and private health personnel;
- Priority group 2: Frontliners composed of essential services, defense and security personnel.
These essential services include health care, police, Malaysian Volunteer Department (Rela), Malaysian Fire and Rescue Department (Bomba), and civil protection sectors. You can view the full list here.
The sectors mentioned will be updated from time to time by JKJAV (Covid-19 Vaccine Supply Access Guarantee Committee).
Phase 2 will run from April to August 2021, comprising 9.4 million people from high-risk groups:
- Priority group 1: The rest of the health workers as well as those in essential services, defense and security personnel;
- Priority group 2: People aged 60 and over, people with chronic illnesses and people with OKU.
Chronic diseases listed include heart disease, obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure; information on this subject will be reviewed periodically.
The final phase will run from May 2021 to February 2022, for the rest of 13.7 million people and more:
- Priority group: Adult population aged 18 and over (citizens and non-citizens).
On the basis of the measures to combat the pandemic, priority will be given to red zones, followed by yellow zones and finally green.
What will the vaccination procedure look like?
Step 1: Register
Registration will be done through the MySejathera app, this website and manually for those who do not have access to digital methods.
Registration is underway on the app and 1,468,137 people have registered since March 1.
To register manually, you can call the JKKAV (TBA) hotline or visit a Klinik Kesihatan. For those who live in rural and remote areas, an assistance program will be allocated to register residents.
Step 2: scheduled appointment
Appointment details such as date and vaccination center you are assigned to will be notified via the MySejahtera app, phone call or SMS.
Step 3: Report to a VAC
Upon receipt of your appointment details, all you need to do is be present at the Vaccine Administration Center (VAC) assigned to you.
So far, 605 VAC have been identified by the Ministry of Health. Temporary vaccination centers such as stadiums, convention centers, community halls, universities, etc. will be implemented accordingly.
Step 4: Rapid symptom assessment
At the hospital, a rapid assessment will take place with temperature monitoring and close contact screening.
Step 5: Identification confirmation
Then you will register using the QR code provided for identification purposes.
Step 6: Consultation and consent
After signing up, you will go through a consultation on the benefits and risks of jabbing. You will then receive authorization forms to complete and consent to receive the vaccine.
Step 7: Get injected
Finally, you will receive the first dose of the vaccine!
Step 8: Short observation period
Once you have been stung, you will be kept under observation by medical personnel for at least 30 minutes. This is to watch for immediate side effects.
Step 9: Receive the vaccination card
The facilitators will provide you with a vaccination record to confirm your inoculation, where you can then go home to rest.
For the CanSinoBio vaccine, which is the single dose, the process will end here.
Step 10: Observation of adverse events
You can resume a normal life but be aware of any side effects or adverse events following vaccination (AEFI).
Side effects / AEFI can be reported either by informing the medical establishment, via MySejathera, or on the NPRA ConSERF website.
Of the 5 vaccines used by the country, those that require a second dose are:
- Pfizer and Sputnik V vaccines: 21 day interval;
- AstraZeneca vaccine: 28 day interval; and
- Sinovac vaccine: 14 day interval.
The same procedures apply when obtaining the second dose. You will be reminded of your appointment in the same way as the previous one.
You will also receive the digital certificate of vaccination against the COVID-19 vaccine when completed.
Common side effects and how to report them
The side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine that have been reported are mild and temporary. The most frequently reported are:
- pain / swelling / redness at the injection site
- not feel good
- articular pain
- swelling of the lymph nodes
For the MOH to effectively monitor side effects and AEFI, citizens will receive a scheduled MySejahtera notification to report them.
Health workers through the existing public health system are also allowed to report AEFI to citizens.
“Serious AEFI investigations will be conducted with care, whereby a special expert committee will be set up to assess these cases and the safety concerns related to COVID-19 vaccines,” the manual says.
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If you have lingering doubts about the potential effects of the COVID-19 vaccine, you can read our article on addressing the concerns. here.
We interviewed an immunopathology specialist to better understand how the vaccine interacts with our system, who would be really at risk receiving the vaccine, and more.
- You can download the full official COVID-19 National Immunization Program manual here.
Featured Image Credit: KKM / Unsplash
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