How Alcohol Affects Crohn’s Disease and the Medicines You Take to Treat It
Mayo Clinic: “Crohn’s disease”.
Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation: “Malnutrition and IBD”, “Substance abuse”, “What should I eat?”
Garth Swanson, MD, associate professor of medicine; director, Crohn’s and Colitis Center, Rush University Medical Center.
Digestion: “Is moderate red wine consumption safe in inactive inflammatory bowel disease?”
Online laboratory tests: “Calprotectin”.
Harvard Medical School: “Leaky gut: What is it, and what does it mean to you?”
Annals of Gastroenterology: “Use of Alcohol and Narcotics in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.”
American College of Rheumatology: “Methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall, Otrexup, Rasuvo)”.
National Health Service, UK: “Azathioprine”.
Reezwana Chowdhury, MD, assistant professor of medicine, gastroenterology and hepatology; IBD Specialist, Johns Hopkins Medicine.
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