Hospitalizations for Spikes in Blood Pressure Are on the Rise

By Robert Preidt
Health Day reporter

WEDNESDAY, Nov. 10, 2021 (HealthDay News) – Despite a national effort to control blood pressure, the number of seniors hospitalized for a sudden and sharp rise in blood pressure has increased over the past two decades in the United States.

The largest increase has been among black Americans, with the highest rates in the South, new research shows.

The aim of the study was “to assess whether we have made progress over the past 20 years in preventing hospitalizations for acute hypertension. And the answer is no,” said the lead author of the study, Yuan Lu. She is an assistant professor of cardiovascular medicine at the Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation (CORE) at Yale University.

Analysis of data on Medicare beneficiaries over the age of 65 found that hospitalizations for these severe increases in blood pressure more than doubled between 1999 and 2019.

The overall annual hospitalization rate for emergencies related to high blood pressure increased 5.6% during this period, but rose 6% among blacks. Black patients also had a three-fold higher hospitalization rate between 2017 and 2019, according to the study.

“In this article, we looked at hospitalizations for acute hypertension, including emergencies and hypertension-related emergencies. These marked elevations in blood pressure require immediate attention and intervention, otherwise they could lead to organ damage. targets, including heart attack and stroke, ”Lu said in a statement. university press release.

The finding that the hospitalization rate for spikes in blood pressure is highest in the South is consistent with what is called a “stroke belt” in the medical literature, she said.

“What is most striking is the rapid increase in racial disparities in acute hypertension hospitalization between black and white recipients, with blacks consistently having the highest rates over the past 20 years,” said study co-author Dr Harlan Krumholz in the statement. .

“This happened at a time when there has been a huge increase in health spending and significant national efforts to eliminate disparities,” added Krumholz, professor of medicine and director of CORE.

“The lack of progress in reducing racial disparities in acute hypertension hospitalizations underscores the need for new approaches to address both the medical and non-medical factors that contribute to such disparities,” he said.

Blood pressure is considered high when you have consistent systolic readings of 130 mm Hg or higher or diastolic readings of 80 mm Hg or higher, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in the United States.

The results were published on November 8 in the journal Circulation.

More information

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in the United States has more information on high blood pressure.

SOURCE: Yale University, press release, November 8, 2021

Our sincere thanks to
Source link

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *