Can Supplements Boost Your Immunity This Winter?

Barry Fox, MD, clinical professor of infectious diseases, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health.

Harri Hemilä, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Simin Nikbin Meydani, DVM, PhD, Principal Investigator and Director, Nutritional Immunology Laboratory, Human Nutrition Research Center in Aging, Tufts University.

Tracey J. Smith, PhD.

John P. Richie Jr., PhD, professor of public health sciences and pharmacology, Penn State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA.

Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health: “Nutrition and Immunity”.

Annals of Internal Medicine: “Association Between Dietary Supplement Use, Nutrient Intake, and Mortality in American Adults.”

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: “Vitamin C to prevent and treat colds.”

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: “Vitamins E and C are safe in a wide range of intakes.”

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: “Vitamin C Supplements and Age-Related Cataract Risk: A Prospective Population-Based Cohort Study in Women.”

The Journal of the American Medical Association: “Vitamin E and respiratory tract infections in elderly nursing home residents: a randomized controlled trial.”

British medical journal: “Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data.”

The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism: “Vitamin D Status in Hospital Patients with SARS-CoV-2 Infection.”

Horticultural science: “Models of variation of alkamides and cichoric acid in roots and aerial parts of Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench. “

Complementary and evidence-based alternative medicine: “Safety and efficacy profile of Echinacea purpurea to prevent common cold episodes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. “

Journal of the Royal Medical Society: “Zinc lozenges and the common cold: a meta-analysis comparing zinc acetate and zinc gluconate, and the role of zinc assay.”

British medical journal: “Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus LGG and Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis BB-12 on health-related quality of life in students with upper respiratory tract infections.

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition: “Oral liposomal glutathione supplementation increases the body’s stores of glutathione and markers of immune function.”

Journal of International Medical Research: “Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections.”

Journal of General Internal Medicine: “Outpatient treatment of elderberry extract influenza for emergency room patients aged 5 years and older: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.”

European cytokine network: “The effect of Sambucol, a natural product made from black elderberry, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines.”

Therapeutic advances in respiratory diseases: “Lung attacked by the cytokine storm induced by COVID-19: pathogenic mechanisms and therapeutic implications.”

Planta Medica: “Immunmodulatory and antiproliferative properties of rhodiola species.”

European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: “Probiotics in respiratory viral infections.”

The Journal of the American Medical Association: “Echinacea to prevent and treat colds.”

National Kidney Foundation: “Family history of kidney stones? Check out these megadoses of vitamin C. ”

Mayo Clinic: “What is Vitamin D Toxicity? Should I be concerned about taking supplements? “

ScienceDaily: “Adequate Amount of Zinc Relieves Pneumonia in Older People, Study Finds”, “Zinc.”

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Jothi Venkat

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