Best Vitamins, Minerals, and Supplements for Crohn’s Disease

Magnesium. This mineral affects your energy, body protein, and muscle contractions. It also plays a role in bone and heart health. You may have low levels of magnesium due to inflammation, chronic diarrhea, or the removal of your jejunum or ileum. Foods containing magnesium include beans, fortified grains, green and leafy vegetables, nuts, and whole grains.

Potassium. Your body needs it for healthy muscles, cells, and blood pressure. Crohn’s symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea can lower your potassium levels. Foods high in potassium include beans, carrots, cucumbers, dairy products, eggplant, fish, leafy greens, potatoes, poultry, pumpkins, tomatoes, and zucchini.

Vitamin B12. If you’ve had surgery or have problems with your ileum, your doctor may suggest a vitamin B12 supplement to keep your nerves and blood cells healthy. Foods containing vitamin B12 include beef, clams, fortified grains, liver, milk, trout, and tuna.

Vitamin D. Most doctors recommend a vitamin D supplement to help your body absorb calcium and control inflammation in your gut. Vitamin D may also help you feel better. Foods rich in vitamin D include cod liver oil, egg yolks, fortified cereals, fortified yogurt, milk, orange juice, salmon, sardines, and tuna.

Vitamins A, E and K. Your body needs these vitamins for healthy cells, blood, and bones, and to fight infections. Inflammation makes them more difficult to absorb. Foods containing vitamin A include broccoli, carrots, and red peppers. Foods containing vitamin E include almonds, peanuts, and sunflower seeds. Foods with vitamin K include broccoli, collard greens, and soybeans.

Zinc. Your body needs it to fight bacteria and viruses. Crohn’s symptoms such as severe diarrhea, short bowel syndrome, and small bowel disease can lower your zinc levels. Foods rich in zinc include: beef, bran, fortified grains, legumes, nuts, pork, poultry, shellfish, and whole grains.

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Jothi Venkat

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